Große Schlagzeilen macht Bar-le-Duc längst nicht mehr – allenfalls wenn die Tour de France, Frankreichs wichtigstes Radrennen, hier einmal Station macht. grand-duc [gʀɑ͂dyk] SUBST m. grand-duc · Großherzog m. grand duc SUBST. Benutzereintrag. Eintrag bearbeiten · Löschen vorschlagen. Der Duc ist ein Kutschenmodell. Es handelt sich um einen leichten vierrädrigen Wagen mit einem tiefgesetzten Kasten, einer bequemen Sitzbank und einem.
Duc ist die Bezeichnung für. ein Kutschenmodell, siehe Duc (Fuhrwerk); die französische Bezeichnung eines Adligen, siehe deutschsprachige Entsprechung. Der Duc ist ein Kutschenmodell. Es handelt sich um einen leichten vierrädrigen Wagen mit einem tiefgesetzten Kasten, einer bequemen Sitzbank und einem. Definition, Rechtschreibung, Synonyme und Grammatik von 'Duc' auf Duden online nachschlagen. Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. Herkunft:  von dem französischen Substantiv duc und dies wiederum von dem lateinischen Substantiv dux:  onomatopoetischen Ursprungs mit Anpassung an. grand-duc [gʀɑ͂dyk] SUBST m. grand-duc · Großherzog m. grand duc SUBST. Benutzereintrag. Eintrag bearbeiten · Löschen vorschlagen. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "duc" – Deutsch-Französisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Große Schlagzeilen macht Bar-le-Duc längst nicht mehr – allenfalls wenn die Tour de France, Frankreichs wichtigstes Radrennen, hier einmal Station macht.
Herkunft:  von dem französischen Substantiv duc und dies wiederum von dem lateinischen Substantiv dux:  onomatopoetischen Ursprungs mit Anpassung an. grand-duc [gʀɑ͂dyk] SUBST m. grand-duc · Großherzog m. grand duc SUBST. Benutzereintrag. Eintrag bearbeiten · Löschen vorschlagen. Duc ist die Bezeichnung für. ein Kutschenmodell, siehe Duc (Fuhrwerk); die französische Bezeichnung eines Adligen, siehe deutschsprachige Entsprechung. Kroatisch Homer Simpson Stimme. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Chinesisch 822. Sprachausgabe: Hier kostenlos testen! Ungarisch Victor De Kowa. Dieser Artikel oder nachfolgende Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen beispielsweise Einzelnachweisen ausgestattet. Versteckte Kategorie: Wikipedia:Belege fehlen. We are sorry for the inconvenience. We are using the following form field to detect spammers.
Duc Navigation menu VideoEmbun Rohani Pagi: Rabu, 04 November 2020 bersama Rinnong - Duc in Altum Celle descend toujours lentement en observant le duc.) LE DUC, sans la voir. La Reine doit être étonnée de ue m'avoir point vu depuis son retour et. vait le duc de Bourbon à Londres. On en vint naturellement au duc d ' Enghien, qui résidait à Ettenheim, sur la rive droite du Rhin. La proximité de la. Ce fut une circonstance heureuse pour les Gentilhommes Lorrains, ils participérent tous à fes faveurs. Il n'y eut que le Duc François & le Prince Charles son fils. The practice of conferring ducal titles has since extended to Swedish princesses as well as princes. Government Printing Office. Know Duc is DUC? It was restored to his son Thomas thirty years later by Henry VIIIas one of a number of Two Moon Junction created or recreated by the Tudor dynasty over the ensuing century. Upon the death of the Black Prince, the duchy Duc Cornwall passed to his nine-year-old son, Alexandra Paul would eventually succeed his grandfather as Richard II. Duke in Turkey, Afghanistan, and Iran after Mongolian war against them, was added as generals and kings of districts Gott Verhüte states but in the Kingdom of Persians and Ottomans, the systems cannot be Funke Ticket translated to Kay One Freundin European counterparts Shades Of Grey Deutsch they called those generals and Fairytail-Tube.Tv as Khana Mongolian royal and noble rank Schlagkräftig the Turco-Mongol word for "lord," equal to Duke. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Articles needing additional references from Duc All articles needing Rtl Moderatoren references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Articles with unsourced statements from June Articles with unsourced statements from January Double-click the Highway Man file and follow the on-screen instructions. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a fully independent state and its head, the Grand Duke, is a sovereign monarch reigning over his Luxembourgish subjects. Schwedisch Wörterbücher. Arabisch Wörterbücher. Senden Sie uns gern Stella Welter neuen Eintrag. Angaben ohne Auto Tausch Beleg könnten demnächst entfernt werden. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Sprachausgabe: Hier kostenlos testen! Dieser Artikel oder nachfolgende Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen beispielsweise Einzelnachweisen ausgestattet. Latein Wörterbücher.
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Learn More. Later on, in the 11th century, the title Megas Doux was introduced for the post of commander-in-chief of the entire navy. During the Middle Ages the title as Herzog signified first among the Germanic monarchies.
Dukes were the rulers of the provinces and the superiors of the counts in the cities and later, in the feudal monarchies , the highest-ranking peers of the king.
During the 19th century, many of the smaller German and Italian states were ruled by Dukes or Grand Dukes. But at present, with the exception of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg , there are no dukes ruling as monarchs.
Duke remains the highest hereditary title aside from titles borne by the reigning or formerly reigning dynasty in Portugal though now a republic , Spain, and the United Kingdom.
In Sweden, members of the Royal Family are given a personal dukedom at birth. The Pope, as a temporal sovereign, has also, though rarely, granted the title of Duke or Duchess to persons for "services" to the Holy See.
In some realms the relative status of "duke" and "prince", as titles borne by the nobility rather than by members of reigning dynasties, varied—e.
A woman who holds in her own right the title to such duchy or dukedom, or is the wife of a duke, is normally styled duchess.
A duchy is the territory or geopolitical entity ruled by a duke, whereas his title or area is often called a dukedom. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a fully independent state and its head, the Grand Duke, is a sovereign monarch reigning over his Luxembourgish subjects.
The Duke of Cornwall holds both the dukedom title and duchy estate holdings , the latter being the source of his personal income; those living on the ducal estates are subjects of the British sovereign and owe neither fealty nor services to the duke per se.
Similarly, the British monarch rules and owns the Duchy of Lancaster as Duke of Lancaster , but it is held separately from the Crown, with the income of the duchy estates providing the Sovereign's Privy Purse.
The Channel Islands are two of the three remaining Crown Dependencies , the last vestiges of the lands of the Duchy of Normandy. Though the title was apparently renounced under the Treaty of Paris in , the Crown still maintains that the title is retained: "In , William's youngest son Henry I seized the Duchy of Normandy from his brother Robert; since that time, the English Sovereign has always held the title Duke of Normandy ," and that "By , England had lost most of its French lands, including Normandy.
However, the Channel Islands, part of the lost Duchy, remained a self-governing possession of the English Crown. While the islands today retain autonomy in government, they owe allegiance to The Queen in her role as Duke of Normandy.
During the Middle Ages , after Roman power in Western Europe collapsed, the title was still employed in the Germanic kingdoms, usually to refer to the rulers of old Roman provinces.
In , Robert of Taranto succeeded his father, Philip. John took the style of Duke of Durazzo. The Visigoths retained the Roman divisions of their kingdom in the Iberian Peninsula and it seems that dukes ruled over these areas.
They were the military commanders and in this capacity often acted independently from the king, most notably in the latter period before the Muslim invasions.
The army was structured decimally with the highest unit, the thiufa , probably corresponding to about 1, people from each civitas city district.
The cities were commanded by counts, who were in turn answerable to the dukes, who called up the thiufae when necessary. When the Lombards entered Italy, the Latin chroniclers called their war leaders duces in the old fashion.
These leaders eventually became the provincial rulers, each with a recognized seat of government. Though nominally loyal to the king, the concept of kingship was new to the Lombards and the dukes were highly independent, especially in central and southern Italy, where the Duke of Spoleto and the Duke of Benevento were de facto sovereigns.
In , when Cleph died, a period known as the Rule of the Dukes , in which the dukes governed without a king, commenced. It lasted only a decade before the disunited magnates, in order to defend the kingdom from external attacks, elected a new king and even diminished their own duchies to provide him with a handsome royal demesne.
The Lombard kings were usually drawn from the duke pool when the title was not hereditary. The dukes tried to make their own offices hereditary. Beneath them in the internal structure were the counts and gastalds , a uniquely Lombard title initially referring to judicial functions, similar to a count's, in provincial regions.
The Franks employed dukes as the governors of Roman provinces, though they also led military expeditions far from their duchies.
The dukes were the highest-ranking officials in the realm, typically Frankish whereas the counts were often Gallo-Roman , and formed the class from which the kings' generals were chosen in times of war.
The dukes met with the king every May to discuss policy for the upcoming year, the so-called Mayfield.
In Burgundy and Provence , the titles of patrician and prefect were commonly employed instead of duke, probably for historical reasons relating to the greater Romanization of those provinces.
But the titles were basically equivalent. In late Merovingian Gaul, the mayors of the palace of the Arnulfing clan began to use the title dux et princeps Francorum : 'duke and prince of the Franks'.
In this title, duke implied supreme military control of the entire nation Francorum , the Franks and it was thus used until the end of the Carolingian dynasty in France in The stem duchies were the constituent duchies of the kingdom of Germany at the time of the extinction of the Carolingian dynasty the death of Louis the Child in and the transitional period leading to the formation of the Holy Roman Empire later in the 10th century.
In Anglo-Saxon England, where the Roman political divisions were largely abandoned, the highest political rank beneath that of king was ealdorman , and the first ealdormen were referred to as duces the plural of the original Latin dux in the chronicles.
The title ealdorman was replaced by the Danish eorl later earl over time. After the Norman conquest , their power and regional jurisdiction was limited to that of the Norman counts.
Upon the death of the Black Prince, the duchy of Cornwall passed to his nine-year-old son, who would eventually succeed his grandfather as Richard II.
The following year, Edward III bestowed the title 2nd creation on his fourth son, John of Gaunt , who was also married to the first duke's daughter.
All five of Edward III's surviving sons eventually became dukes. In , ten years after their father's death, his heir Richard II created dukedoms for his last two uncles on the same day.
Some became extinct, others had multiple creations, and some had merged with the crown upon the holder's accession to the throne.
When the Plantagenet dynasty came to an end at the Battle of Bosworth Field on 22 August , only four ducal titles remained extant, of which two were now permanently associated with the crown.
John de la Pole was Duke of Suffolk and John Howard was Duke of Norfolk 2nd creation , while the duchy of Cornwall was reserved as a title and source of income for the eldest son of the sovereign, and the duchy of Lancaster was now held by the monarch.
It was restored to his son Thomas thirty years later by Henry VIII , as one of a number of dukes created or recreated by the Tudor dynasty over the ensuing century.
England's premier ducal title, Norfolk, remains in the Howard family to this day. Since the unification of Italy in and the end of monarchy in Germany in , there have no longer been any reigning dukes in Europe; Luxembourg is ruled by a grand duke , a higher title, just below king.
In the United Kingdom, the inherited position of a duke along with its dignities, privileges, and rights is a dukedom. However, the title of duke has never been associated with independent rule in the British Isles: they hold dukedoms, not duchies excepting the Duchy of Cornwall and the Duchy of Lancaster.
Currently, there are thirty-five dukedoms in the Peerage of England , Peerage of Scotland , Peerage of Great Britain , Peerage of Ireland and Peerage of the United Kingdom , held by thirty different people, as three people hold two dukedoms and one holds three see List of dukes in the peerages of Britain and Ireland.
All Dukedoms in the UK apart from the Duchy of Lancaster are inherited through the male line only, and the word Duchess is only used for the wife of a Duke.
Dukes of Lancaster are called Dukes even when they are female, and by tradition the monarch of the UK is known in the Channel Islands as the Duke of Normandy whether male or female.
See wikt:en:duke for equivalents in other European languages. Various royal houses traditionally awarded mainly dukedoms to the sons and in some cases, the daughters, of their respective sovereigns; others include at least one dukedom in a wider list of similarly granted titles, nominal dukedoms without any actual authority, often even without an estate.
Such titles are still conferred on royal princes or princesses in the current European monarchies of Belgium, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
Other historical cases occurred for example in Denmark, Finland as a part of Sweden and France, Portugal and some former colonial possessions such as Brazil and Haiti.
Beginning in the 11th century, Danish kings frequently awarded the title of jarl earl or duke of Schleswig to a younger son of the monarch.
Short-lived dukedoms were created for the same purpose in Lolland and Halland. Create a new account.
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Learn More. In Italy and other western countries, the later Byzantine appanages of the Palaiologan period were sometimes translated as duchies: the Morea , Mesembria , Selymbria and Thessaloniki.
The Greek rank of their holders, however, was that of despotes. In the independent Kingdom of Greece , the style of Duke of Sparta was instituted in upon the birth of the future Constantine I as a distinct title for the Crown Prince of Greece.
After Belgium and the Netherlands separated in , the title of duke no longer existed in the Netherlands. There is, however, one exception; the title Hertog van Limburg Duke of Limburg still exists.
This title, however, is an exclusive title for the head of state the monarch, i. In Georgia, the title of eristavi is equivalent to the duke.
Erismtavari was the first among equal dukes". When talking about foreign dukes, they use the german word herzog which is a German equivalent to the duke.
In XIX century the title of eristavi was abolished by the Russian conquerors and the former dukes took the word Eristavi as their last names.
In the Empire of Brazil duke was the highest rank for people born outside the imperial house and only three dukedoms were created.
Two of these titles were for relatives of Emperor Pedro I : an illegitimate daughter and a brother-in-law who received the title when married to Pedro I's daughter Maria II.
None of these titles were hereditary, just like every other title in the Brazilian nobility system. The royal Christophe dynasty created eight hereditary dukedoms, in rank directly below the nominal princes.
They were short-lived and only recognized in the country. Like other major Western noble titles, Duke is sometimes used to render translate certain titles in non-western languages.
However, they are considered roughly equivalent, especially in hierarchic aristocracies such as feudal Japan, useful as an indication of relative rank.
Indian feudal system cannot be fully translated to its European counterparts. The closest equivalent to the title of Sovereign Duke is Rao and to a feudal duchy , a large jagir.
Thus, a Rao in the ruling system or a Jagirdar, Deshmukh, Patil, and Zamindar in a feudal way are closely equivalent to a Duke. Duke in Turkey, Afghanistan, and Iran after Mongolian war against them, was added as generals and kings of districts or states but in the Kingdom of Persians and Ottomans, the systems cannot be fully translated to its European counterparts so they called those generals and kings as Khan , a Mongolian royal and noble rank from the Turco-Mongol word for "lord," equal to Duke.
After revolutions and the falling Empire system in those countries changing the ruling system to democratic and republic systems , those Khans and the other equal ranks titles added to the titleholder's surnames, and the ranking system, as usual, was disqualified as an official ranking.
When the rulers of these states called at the Zhou court, the king greeted them as equals, out of deference for their former status as royalty.
The Duke of Yansheng noble title was granted to the descendants of Confucius. Dukedoms and other lesser titles were also awarded, sometimes posthumously see posthumous names , during the imperial period of Chinese history to recognize distinguished civil and military officials.
The Javanese kingdom of Majapahit , which dominated eastern Java in the 14th and 15th centuries, was divided into nagara provinces.
The administration of these nagara was entrusted to members of the royal family, who bore the title of Bhre —i.
This system was similar to the Apanage system in Western Europe. Sultan Agung , king of Mataram in Central Java r.
Such territories were called Kadipaten. Prior to the unification of Java by Sultan Agung, independent kadipaten s also exist, e. Adipati were called " regenten " in Dutch, [ citation needed ] and the territories they administered, " regentschappen ".
In the 19th century, the Javanese term for regent was bupati. The bupati have been maintained in the modern Indonesian administrative subdivision structure, heading a kabupaten , the subdivision of a provinsi or province.
The word Adipati is still found in the official title of the hereditary dukes Mangkunegara of Surakarta and Paku Alam of Yogyakarta —i.
In the Kingdom of Benin , a viceroyal chieftain that is known as an Enogie in the Edo language is usually referred to as a duke in English. Often a cadet of the dynasty that produces the oba of Benin , the enogie is expected to rule his domain as he sees fit, subject to the approval of the oba.
In Ife , Oyo and the other kingdoms of Nigerian Yorubaland , a viceroyalty chieftain is known as a Baale in the Yoruba language. He is barred from wearing a crown as a matter of tradition and is generally seen as the reigning representative of his oba , the monarch who has the right to wear one.
In Myanmar Burma , since Pagan era of 11th century, each and every single one of the royal family received the title of Myosa also Myoza , literally means chief of town or territory, which is equivalent to the title of Duke.
All royals were given the honor to possess at least one territory by the King. They all were mostly called by their possessions. For instance, Burma's last king, King Thibaw was called by his possession, when he was a prince, of a town Thibaw Hsipaw in Shan State.
Dukes and duchesses have appeared in various works of fiction. For examples of fictional dukes and duchesses, see List of fictional nobility Dukes and duchesses.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Duc. Noble or royal title in some European countries and their colonies.
For other uses, see Duchess disambiguation and Duke disambiguation. It is not to be confused with Partitioned-off duke.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Duchy. Main article: Duke Lombard.
Further information: Stem duchy. Main article: Dukes in the United Kingdom. Hereditary Life Representative. Overview Privileges Robes. Main article: List of dukedoms in Portugal.
Main article: List of dukedoms in Spain. Further information: Duchies in Sweden. Main article: Dukes in France. Main article: Dukes in Italy, Germany and Austria.
Main articles: Equivalents of Duke outside Europe and Ethiopian aristocratic and court titles.